Research Article

Technology integration in science classrooms: Empowering student teachers for improved physics teaching with simulations

Elizabeth Darko Agyei 1 * , Loyiso C. Jita 2 , Thuthukile Jita 3
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1 Department of Science Education, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, GHANA2 School of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Technology Education, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, SOUTH AFRICA3 School of Education Studies, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, SOUTH AFRICA* Corresponding Author
Contemporary Mathematics and Science Education, 5(2), 2024, ep24009,
Published Online: 11 June 2024, Published: 01 July 2024
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This study employed a descriptive case study design to examine the integration of technology in science education, focusing on the professional development of student teachers in Ghana. Using the technological pedagogical and content knowledge (TPACK) framework as a theoretical lens, the study aimed to address the gaps in existing teacher education programs. Through a technology integration training workshop, the progress of four student teachers in developing their competencies for integrating technology into the teaching of high school physics using simulations was tracked and examined. Drawing on a combination of quantitative (survey) and qualitative data (focus group discussions, semi-structured interviews, observations, and lesson artefacts) sources, findings revealed that the student teachers improved their teaching with technology, which was evident in their developed TPACK, improved content knowledge and developed competencies in the exploration of Physics Education Technology simulation environments. These outcomes suggest a transformative shift in student teacher's teaching approaches, transitioning from a teacher-centered paradigm to a learner-centered one, particularly within the context of simulation environments. Despite initial challenges associated with insufficient content knowledge, establishment of relationships among physics content, teaching strategies and the identified affordances of the simulation environment as well as the shift from traditional to learner-centered approach, the study underscores the pivotal role played by the professional training arrangement implemented for the research.


Agyei, E. D., Jita, L. C., & Jita, T. (2024). Technology integration in science classrooms: Empowering student teachers for improved physics teaching with simulations. Contemporary Mathematics and Science Education, 5(2), ep24009.


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