Research Article

The determination of the learning curve on the concept of energy using the alternatives ideas

Konstantinos T. Kotsis 1 2, Dimitris Panagou 1 2 *
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1 Department of Primary Education, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, GREECE2 Laboratory of Teaching and Training Physics, Ioannina, GREECE* Corresponding Author
Contemporary Mathematics and Science Education, 4(1), 2023, ep23011,
Published: 03 March 2023
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In this study, alternative ideas of energy were evaluated for five different age groups. Research participants included primary school, middle school, and high school students, students of the department of primary education, and active teachers in primary education. The same questionnaire was used in all groups, indicating that age-related differences exist between answers. The sigmoid curve, which represents energy learning, is obtained by analyzing correct answers according to age. Correlations between age and all questions were statistically significant. An engaging perspective is imparted on energy education. According to our findings, misconceptions and preconceptions of students and teachers diminish with age or, more accurately, with educational attainment. In addition to improving science teaching classrooms and curriculum design, the results of our study may also benefit teachers’ professional growth.


Kotsis, K. T., & Panagou, D. (2023). The determination of the learning curve on the concept of energy using the alternatives ideas. Contemporary Mathematics and Science Education, 4(1), ep23011.


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