Review Article

Primary school teachers’ perceptions of using STEM in the classroom attitudes, obstacles, and suggestions: A literature review

Vasiliki Samara 1 * , Konstantinos T. Kotsis 1
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1 Department of Primary Education, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, GREECE* Corresponding Author
Contemporary Mathematics and Science Education, 4(2), 2023, ep23018,
Published Online: 21 May 2023, Published: 01 July 2023
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The present study aims to capture the perceptions of primary education teachers about the possibilities of applying STEM education. It refers to teachers’ attitudes towards science, technology, engineering & technology (STEM), which arise before and after the implementation of STEM education as well as the contribution of STEM to students and teachers. The difficulties faced by teachers in the application of STEM in the daily life of their classroom are also recorded, as well as the reasons that lead to the creation of this difficult situation. In addition, ways to deal with the obstacles to the application of STEM in educational practice are proposed.


Samara, V., & Kotsis, K. T. (2023). Primary school teachers’ perceptions of using STEM in the classroom attitudes, obstacles, and suggestions: A literature review. Contemporary Mathematics and Science Education, 4(2), ep23018.


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